339 Grand Street Designated a Landmark Yesterday; Tammany Hall, Too
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339 Grand Street
Two years of back-and-forth with the LPC regarding 339 Grand Street culminated in a victory yesterday for local preservationists. The Federal-style row house – a structure that dates back to 1832 (completed 1833) – was easily designated a city landmark by Commission Chairman Tierney.
“This understated row house, by far the most intact of the five that are there now, is a significant reminder of the period after the Revolutionary War when New York City was developing into a major port and financial center,” said Commission Chairman Robert B. Tierney. “It retains a great deal of its original fabric, despite its age and profound changes to the surrounding neighborhood over a nearly 200-year period.”
More about row houses:
The designation brings to 18 the total number of Federal-style houses to which the Commission has given landmark status since 2002. The “Federal” style, which was fashionable from the 1780s to the early 1830s, takes its name from the then-new republic, yet is considered a continuation of the Georgian style of Great Britain. The houses were often constructed in rows, sharing party walls and chimneys, and featured details such as splayed lintels, cornices, dormers and doorways framed with columns and sidelights. They usually had a three-bay façade with two full stories over a high basement and an additional half story under a peaked roof with a ridgeline running parallel to the front façade. ￼￼
The row house at 339 Grand St. retains its original form, height, width, façade with Flemish bond brickwork, high-peaked roof and dormer. A full-lot rear addition fronting on Ludlow Street was completed c. 1855, and also retains a great deal of original fabric.
Also receiving landmarks protection yesterday was the original location of Tammany Hall in Union Square, at 100 East 17th Street. The decision was unanimous, “citing its distinctive architectural style as well as its historical associations, including its ties to the once-powerful Democratic Party political machine that dominated New York City politics in the 19th and early 20th centuries.”